People’s daily ” year-end award for social security ” equity anxiety behind the Beijing ch-ajviewer

People’s Daily: "fair anxiety — Beijing Channel – people.com.cn year-end bonus into the original title:" fair social security "behind the year-end bonus into the social anxiety behind (livelihood) small details attracted a large movement, pointing to different people behind the fair anxiety of endowment insurance recently, part of the provinces will be included in the year-end bonus of institutions the pension insurance contribution base, sparked controversy. Those who are distressed by the decrease in the current income are not satisfied with the insured. The original salary is not high enough, and they should be cut off from the year-end bonus. Why do they become social security? Why do many companies don’t take the annual award, equity, and option income into the payment base? People who participate in the enterprise pension are also not satisfied: the pension benefits of the institutions and institutions are already higher than that of the enterprises. If the year-end bonus is included, the future gap may be bigger. Is the reform really to narrow the gap? The insured in different places is more likely to make a comparison: why do some provinces fail to mention the year-end bonus? Is the local pension fund insufficient? The year-end bonus is included in the base of payment. The impact is not complicated: the decrease in current income and the improvement of future pension benefits do not constitute a reduction in interest to the insured. The small details come to a big move, pointing to the fair anxiety of the different groups of people on the pension insurance. Promoting equity is the greatest significance of the integration of the old age. The old "double track system" has been repeatedly criticized, mainly due to the "system track" is not unified. After the same, everyone should pay the fee, the proportion of payment is consistent, and the method of retirement treatment is consistent. With a unified institutional arrangement, the endowment equity has the basis of the system, and the reform will win the greatest consensus. This part of the province’s year-end award is included in the payment base, which has touched the people’s concern about the inconsistency of the system. This is a reminder that policy makers should strive to achieve a maximum level of fairness in the operation of the same scale after the big system is on track. On the one hand, the operation measures should be based on the whole country, different provinces, large and medium-sized city, in base pay, project selection should insist on a ruler in the end, and be open and transparent. On the other hand, we should face up to the problem that the employees’ pay wages are lower than the actual wages and eventually affect the replacement rate of the pension in many years, and improve the implementation rules, so that the determination of the payment base is closer to the real payment capacity. When it comes to payment, people are nervous and reflect the entanglement of social security. To pay more, this reason has been told for so many years, everyone knows. But in real life, those who are not too rich in life would prefer to take care of them first. Since last year, in order to reduce the cost pressure of enterprises, China has reduced the social security rate paid by enterprises two times. In fact, the same kind of stress exists for the insured person, and the year-end award in the payment base also causes a little emotional rebound. It is necessary to resolve this tangle, and clear the payment base of proper control of base, lower rates, increase citizens gain a sense of, also let all participants willing to pay. "People’s Daily" (09 2016 30 August 15 Edition) (commissioning editor Chen Yinuo and Gao Xing)

人民日报:"年终奖入社保"背后的公平焦虑–北京频道–人民网 原标题:“年终奖入社保”背后的公平焦虑(民生观)   小细节引来大动静,背后指向不同人群对养老保险的公平焦虑   最近,部分省份将年终奖计入机关事业单位养老保险缴费基数,引发争议。   心疼当期收入减少的机关事业单位参保者不满意:本来工资就不高,再从年终奖里划掉一笔,入社保岂不变成了降收入?为什么很多企业不把年终奖、股权、期权收益通通计入缴费基数?   参加企业养老的人也不满意:机关事业单位的养老待遇原本就比企业高一截,年终奖纳入后,未来差距可能更大,改革真的是要缩小差距吗?   不同地方的参保者更免不了做比较:为什么有的省份没提年终奖的事儿,是不是自己所在的地方养老基金不够用了?   年终奖计入缴费基数,影响并不复杂:当期收入降低、未来养老待遇提高,对参保者总体上不构成利益的减少。小细节引来大动静,背后指向不同人群对养老保险的公平焦虑。   促进公平,是养老并轨的最大意义所在。此前养老“双轨制”屡遭诟病,主要是由于“制度轨道”不统一。并轨后,人人要缴费,缴费比例一致,退休待遇计发办法一致。有了统一的制度安排,养老公平就有了制度基础,改革因此赢得最大共识。   此次部分省份年终奖计入缴费基数,恰恰触动了人们对制度不一致的担心。这一风波提醒政策制定者,在大的制度并轨后,还要力争在操作中尺度一致,以最大程度地实现公平。一方面,操作办法要立足“全国一盘棋”,不同省份、大中小城市,在缴费基数、项目选择上应当坚持一把尺子量到底,并做到公开透明。另一方面,要正视多年来企业参保员工缴费工资低于实际工资、最终影响养老金替代率的问题,完善实施细则,使缴费基数的确定更接近真实的缴费能力。   一谈到缴费人们就紧张,也反映了对社保的纠结。多缴多得,这道理讲了这么多年,谁都明白。但现实生活中,那些日子过得不太宽裕的参保者,宁愿先管眼下。去年以来,为降低企业成本压力,我国两次下调企业缴纳的社保费率。实际上,类似的压力对参保者个人同样存在,年终奖计入缴费基数也由此引起不小的情绪反弹。化解这种纠结,有必要在明确缴费基数的同时适当控制基数、降低费率,增加公民的获得感,也让所有参保者愿意据实缴费。   《 人民日报 》( 2016年09月30日 15 版) (责编:陈一诺、高星)相关的主题文章: