Media the coal industry within two years will add 3 million laid-off workers – Sohu news ca1290

Media: the coal industry within two years will add 3 million laid-off workers – Sohu News Photograph: visual Chinese Chinese overcapacity problems have become increasingly serious, with the capacity to bring the pain, some workers of coal, iron and steel, electrolytic aluminum and other industries will face the risk of unemployment. In February 22nd, the Chinese European Union Chamber of Commerce issued a report entitled "how China’s overcapacity has hindered the party’s reform agenda". The report quoted a report of the China International Capital Co forecast that 2016 -2017 years, there will be 30% workers will be unemployed China coal, iron and steel, electrolytic aluminum, cement and glass industries. At present, there are 10 million workers in these five industries, which means that 3 million new laid-off workers will be added at home. The European Union Chamber of Commerce China is expected to re employment of laid-off workers, according to the proportion of the statistics, these five industries will produce 3 million laid-off workers, 2 million people will realize re employment in other industries or to achieve internal transfer, finally only 1 million people will be unemployed. The European Union Chamber of Commerce China was founded in 2000, is a non government run by the 51 European companies in China initiated the establishment of the non-profit organization, there are about more than 1600 member companies. "Given the seriousness of the problem of overcapacity and rising non-performing loan rate, unemployment phenomenon is inevitable, fortunately, this time the scale of unemployment is less than the last century the late 90s." China EU Chamber of Commerce pointed out. In the late 1990s, about 21 million workers were laid off. The report points out that the 1 million unemployed workers account for 0.3% of China’s urban population, which has little impact on the overall unemployment rate in china. In fact, in these overcapacity industries, unemployment has begun to emerge. Of the 13 state-owned steel companies surveyed by CLSA in November 2015, 6 announced that they had laid off 5%-10% employees or had plans for layoffs in the near future. In September 2015, Heilongjiang Dragon Coal Mining Holdings Refco Group Ltd announced that in the next three months, the company’s 240 thousand employees will be divided into 100 thousand people. In February 23rd, Shanghai coal trading network reported that one of the five Shanxi provincial coal enterprises of Shanxi coking coal group transferred the resettlement of upcoming implementation stage, shunt index has been released, a large number of coal transfer, withdrawal, diversion. Over the past six years, China’s overcapacity has continued to deteriorate, the first is iron and steel. China EU Chamber of Commerce quoted Rong Ding group data show that in 2004 -2014, global steel production increased by 57%, China’s contribution rate reached an astonishing 91%. China steel industry produces more than half the world’s total output of more than four, followed by Japan, India iron and steel production in the United States and Russia, total output of steel and two times. According to the research results of the European Union Chamber of Commerce, Chinese overcapacity in the steel industry, the main driving factors, one is the place to self-sufficiency, resulting in the national production capacity doubled; two of state-owned enterprises is not sensitive to the profit, loss of small, high pollution and low efficiency of steel production when prices fall, when market resumed production; three; 媒体:煤炭等行业两年内将新增300万下岗工人-搜狐新闻 图片来源:视觉中国   中国的产能过剩问题日益严重,伴随着去产能带来的阵痛,煤炭、钢铁、电解铝等行业的部分工人将面临失业风险。   2月22日,中国欧盟商会发布了一份名为《中国的产能过剩如何阻碍党的改革议程》的报告。该报告引述中国国际金融有限公司的一份报告预测表示,2016年-2017年,中国煤炭、钢铁、电解铝、水泥和玻璃行业将有30%的工人会失业。目前这五大行业共有1000万工人,意味着,国内届时将新增300万下岗工人。   中国欧盟商会预计,根据以往下岗工人再就业的比例统计,此次这五大行业中将产生的300万下岗工人,有200万人将在其他行业实现再就业或实现内部转岗,最后只有100万人会失业。   中国欧盟商会成立于2000年,是由51家在华经营的欧洲企业发起成立的非政府非盈利组织,约有1600多家会员企业。   “鉴于产能过剩问题的严重性和不断攀升的不良贷款率,出现失业现象是不可避免的,值得庆幸的是,这一次的失业规模要小于上世纪九十年代后期。”中国欧盟商会指出。1990年代后期,约有2100万工人下岗。   该报告指出,上述100万名失业工人占中国城市人口的0.3%,这一数量对于中国整体的失业率影响并不大。   事实上,在这些产能过剩行业中,失业现象已开始出现。里昂证券2015年11月调查的13家国有钢企中,有6家宣称当年遣散了5%-10%的员工,或近期有裁员的计划。   2015年9月,黑龙江龙煤矿业控股集团有限责任公司宣布未来三个月内,该公司24万员工当中将分流10万人。   2月23日,上海煤炭交易网报道,山西五大省属煤炭企业之一的山西焦煤集团转岗分流安置即将进行实施阶段,分流指标已经出炉,大批煤炭人进行转岗、内退、分流。   过去六年,中国产能过剩的情况持续恶化,首当其冲的是钢铁。中国欧盟商会引用荣鼎集团数据显示,2004年-2014年,全球钢产量增长57%,中国的贡献比例达到惊人的91%。中国钢铁行业的产量超过世界总产量的一半,超过其后四大钢铁生产国日本、印度、美国和俄罗斯钢铁总产量之和的两倍。   根据欧盟商会研究结果,中国钢铁行业的产能过剩主要的驱动因素,一是地方希望自给自足,导致全国产能翻倍;二是国有企业对盈利、亏损不敏感,小型、高污染、低效益钢厂在价格下跌时停产,市场回暖时又恢复生产;三是刺激计划的负面效应促使大型钢厂增加产能,并使政府希望关闭的中小型钢厂获得盈利能力;四是地方政府提供能源补贴。   2016年春节前,国务院发布《关于钢铁行业化解过剩产能实现脱困发展的意见》,指出从2016年开始,用五年时间压减粗钢产能1亿-1.5亿吨。市场预计,或掀起钢铁企业的新一轮并购重组风潮。   但中国欧盟商会提醒,只有合并企业形成提升新企业效率和盈利能力的协同效应,且政府允许新企业利用此类协同效应时,并购才能成为解决方案。否则,并购只不过是催生了一家“更大规模的低利润企业”,这对解决产能过剩、盈利能力等根本问题起到的作用有限。   中国的电解铝行业是另一大产能过剩行业。当前,中国的电解铝产量占全球供应量的一半,是美国的13倍。   早在2009年,中央开始对电解铝行业发布禁令,遏制新增产能,并关停小型的铝厂。截至2015年,中国电解铝行业的产能过剩规模仍达920万吨。   巴克莱银行研究发现,2008年-2015年,全球共有64家炼铝厂宣布减产,产能共计1500万吨。其中仅关闭14家炼铝厂、减产产能130万吨,78%的炼铝厂最终返回市场,或在价格回暖时仍有能力恢复生产。同一时期,中国新增电解铝产能2150万吨,永久关闭的产能仅占新建产能的6%。   严重的产能过剩带来的是行业陷入严重亏损。中国欧盟商会提供的数据显示,中国电解铝行业的亏损总额从2013年的12亿美元增至2014年的15亿美元,有60%的产能遭遇负现金流。   中国欧盟商会认为,政府在化解产能过剩方面进行了诸多尝试,却未能取得显著成效。原因有三。   一是地方保护主义,由于担心失去税收来源,失业率上升和其他既得利益受损,地方政府在化解产能过剩工作中倾向于维护自身利益。   二是对社会稳定方面的担心,在“行业单一”地区和“企业城镇”,产能过剩行业可能是就业和税收(为公共服务提供资金)的主要或唯一来源。由于这些地区缺乏有效的社会福利制度,为尽可能多的工人保留工作岗位和生产低端商品有利于维护既定的社会秩序。   三是政府目前在中国经济中扮演的角色。为有效实施长期解决方案,政府需要放宽对市场的管制,为市场力量提供自由空间。  相关的主题文章: