China’s technological innovation capacity is far beyond India 瑟缩的意思

China technology innovation capacity far exceeds the India stock market center: exclusive national industry sector stocks, premarket after hours, ETF, real-time quotes warrant [Japan’s foreign scholars website on February 18th article] title: Dragon Tiger debate: how Chinese still in the India far behind the (as a senior lecturer at the Australian National University, Andrew · Kennedy; India) seems to replace China become stars of Asia countries. In the Chinese economic growth rate fell to below 7%, a new report shows that India’s economy in the fiscal year ended March will grow by 7.6%. The accuracy of these figures aside aside, concern over the growth rate of cover an equally important trend in the field of technological innovation has been put Chinese India far behind. First start from the capital. Now China annually for R & D funds invested more than $200 billion; and India is less than $50 billion. This gap is not only because of Chinese bigger economy. China will be more than 2% of the gross domestic product (GDP) into the research field — than most European countries have high proportion. But for many years in India only managed to R & D investment will be more than 1% GDP. Chinese surge on R & D investment is not dominated by the government, but led by companies. Corporate R & D investment in the development of the total investment accounted for more than 3/4 China. In India, the figure is close to 1/3. In 2015, the world’s largest R & D investment in 2500 companies, 301 Chinese, India is only 26. In this context, China and India in a very different development path will be not at all surprising. The number of patents overseas more and more investors to obtain the Chinese. The number of patent Chinese enterprises in us is two times more than that of enterprises in India. The field of science and Technology Publishing show a similar trend. The latest data show that 13% of the most frequently cited papers contain a Chinese author, the UK and Germany, is. India accounts for scientific papers most frequently cited in the proportion also increased, but only 2%. China is famous for promoting national science and technology innovation, it carry out the global science and technology cooperation scale is much bigger than India. The latest data show that the United States technology and Engineering in the 16% and foreign co-author wrote a China co-author. The total number of China and co-author of more than all other countries in the world. India in the paper in the proportion also increased, but accounted for only 3%. Of course, Chinese also has its disadvantages. A recent study estimated that the innovation input into output, Japan’s efficiency is nearly 5 times the China. Of course, India also has its own advantages. India is proud of it has a large number of tech savvy and English speaking professionals. They are more easy to integrate into the global innovation business. As a source of innovation and knowledge creation, Chinese rise faster than India. So before the leaders of India to celebrate India’s newfound economic star status, the best first think of the status of India in the knowledge economy globalization in the. In this regard, India did not catch up 8

中国技术创新能力远超印度 美股行情中心:独家提供全美股行业板块、盘前盘后、ETF、权证实时行情   【日本外交学者网站2月18日文章】题:虎龙之争:中国是如何仍把印度远远甩在后面的(作者国立澳大利亚大学高级讲师安德鲁·肯尼迪)   印度似乎正在取代中国成为亚洲的明星国家。就在中国的经济增长率下滑至7%以下时,一份最新报告显示,印度经济在今年3月结束的财年将以 7.6%的速度增长。撇开这些数字的准确性不谈,过度关注增长率掩盖了一个同样重要的趋势:中国在技术创新领域已把印度远远甩在后面。   先从资金说起。中国现在每年用于研发的资金投入超过2000亿美元;而印度则不到500亿美元。这一差距不仅仅是因为中国的经济规模更大。中国 将2%以上的国内生产总值(GDP)投入到研发领域———比大多数欧洲国家的比例都高。而印度多年来只能设法将1%以上的GDP投入研发。   中国对研发投资的激增不是由政府主导的,而是由企业主导的。企业的研发投入在中国的研发总投入中占四分之三以上。而在印度,这个数字是接近三分之一。2015年,在世界上研发投入最多的2500家企业中,中国有301家,印度只有26家。   在这一背景下,中国与印度处于非常不同的发展道路上便不足为奇了。中国的投资人取得的海外专利数量越来越多。中国企业在美国获得的专利数量是印度企业的两倍以上。   科技出版领域显示着类似趋势。最新数据表明,有13%的最被频繁引用的科技论文包含一位中国作者,这与德国、英国的数字相当。印度在最被频繁引用的科技论文中所占的比例也提高了,但只有2%。   中国以推动全民科技及创新闻名,它开展全球科技合作的规模比印度大得多。最新数据显示,16%的与外国合著者合写的美国科技及工程论文包括一位中国合著者。中国合著者的总人数超过了世界其他所有国家。印度在上述论文中所占比例也有所提高,但只占3%。   当然,中国也有它的劣势。最近的一项研究估计,在将创新投入转化为产出方面,日本的效率是中国的近5倍。   当然印度也有其自身的优势。印度引以为傲的是它拥有大量有科技头脑且会讲英语的专业人才。他们更易融入全球创新事业。   作为创新和知识创造的来源,中国崛起的速度远快于印度。因此在印度领导人庆祝印度新获得的经济明星地位之前,最好先想一想印度在这个日益全球化的知识经济中的地位。在这方面,印度不仅没有追赶上中国,而且远远落在后面。 责任编辑:郭明煜 SF008相关的主题文章: