People’s Daily reducing the cost of the real economy is a top priority 马路我们穿越去

People’s Daily: reduce the cost of the real economy is a pressing matter of the moment reduce the cost of the real economy is a pressing matter of the moment, but covers a wide range, must breakthrough, reduce the transaction costs of a good system that moves the upper hand before the State Council issued the "real economy" program to reduce the enterprise cost, launched eight 30 reduction initiatives combined cost. Welcomed by entrepreneurs. There are entrepreneurs with emotion, "this is for the winter Chinese economic entity, in addition to water, unloading the sandbags." In recent years, the real economy is not easy. From a market perspective, many industry downturn, overcapacity caused prices diving, in the Pearl River Delta, some factories still exist this situation: orders just to maintain plant operation; from the expected development, industrial enterprises lack of confidence, some people began to flee, a boss to close the factory to buy 4 suites, but also no emotion buy more…… Reduce the cost of the real economy, is a complex system problem, not only related to the profit efficiency, enterprise ability, more related to the investors pay more attention to the real economy, needs the enterprise and the government hand in hand force. In fact, many companies have been trying to get rid of the dilemma through innovation and upgrading, both lean management, or machine substitutions, can be said to be a penny to a flower with eight petals, can pull, the province, can be reduced, do. However, relying on micro subject efforts, reducing the cost of space is limited, innovation to the diluted cost a long time, the passive situation is not enough to deal with the current. Therefore, the State Council is the combination of lower costs of the real economy enterprises play, is tantamount to timely assistance. In fact, in the two wings of cost reduction, the government plays a very big role space. In the cost of enterprises, a large part can only be adjusted by "visible hand". For example, the revised policy law can adjust the "five social insurance and one housing fund deposit ratio" legal costs, reduced by the examination and approval, to reform the system certification "system cost", and severely punish corruption to eliminate the "chinakayao" "hidden costs", these enterprises are not spending that and want to drop to fall "". Cost reduction means redistribution of benefits, which is difficult to implement at the executive level. For example, all significantly Yajian administrative approval pre intermediary service matters, the move is that some administrative agencies and "red intermediary" cheese; and reduce the cost of electricity, not only is the electric power enterprises and power enterprises with the interests of the game, also relates to the use of electric enterprises in the rush to eat crab "how heavy the cake. No "courage to dare kenyinggutou, involving rapids" the spirit is not enough. Reduce the cost of the real economy is a pressing matter of the moment, but involves a wide front long, must breakthrough, under good chess upper hand. Compared with various explicit costs, it is particularly important to reduce institutional transaction costs. Its influence is twofold, involving both enterprise burden and economic efficiency. In many cases, the impact of high cost of institutional transactions on business efficiency may be more serious than the burden, but also greater harm. Institutional transaction costs can not be reduced, and China’s economy towards the high-end level may become empty words. Dong Mingzhu, chairman of GREE group, said, "do not give money, we do not support policy, we want is a fair.",.

人民日报:降低实体经济成本是当务之急 降低实体经济成本是当务之急,但涉及面广,必须找准突破口,下好降低制度性交易成本这步先手棋 日前,国务院印发了《降低实体经济企业成本工作方案》,推出八大方面30项降成本的组合型举措,受到企业家的普遍欢迎。有企业家感慨,“这是给冬泳的中国实体经济,除了水草,卸了沙袋。” 这几年,实体经济的日子不好过。从市场层面看,诸多行业不景气,产能过剩引发价格跳水,在珠三角,一些工厂还存在这种情形:接订单只是为了维持工厂运转;从发展预期看,做实业的企业主信心不足,有些人开始逃离,某老板关闭工厂买4套房,还感慨没买更多…… 降低实体经济的企业成本,是一个复杂的系统问题,不仅关系到企业的运行效率、盈利能力,更关系到投资者对实体经济的关注程度,需要企业和政府手拉手发力。事实上,许多企业也一直在努力通过创新升级来摆脱困境,无论是精益管理,还是机器换人,可以说是一分钱掰成八瓣花,能抠的、该省的、可降的,都做了。不过,仅靠微观主体的努力,降成本的空间有限,以创新来摊薄成本的时间较长,还不足以应对当下的被动局面。正因此,国务院为降低实体经济企业成本打出的组合拳,无异于雪中送炭。 事实上,在降成本的两翼中,政府发挥作用的空间非常大。企业成本中,有很大一部分只能由“看得见的手”来调整。例如,修改政策法律才能调整的“五险一金”缴存比例等“法定成本”,靠制度改革才能降低的审批、认证等“制度成本”,以及靠严惩贪腐才能肃清的“吃拿卡要”等“隐性成本”,这些都是企业说了不算、想降难降的“支出项”。 降成本意味着利益再分配,落到执行层面,可谓难上加难。比如,大幅压减各类行政审批前置中介服务事项,动的就是某些行政机构和“红顶中介”的奶酪;再如降低电力成本,不仅是电力企业与用电企业的利益博弈,还涉及用电企业在“抢吃螃蟹”时如何重分蛋糕。没点“勇于涉险滩、敢啃硬骨头”的精神,是不行的。 降低实体经济成本是当务之急,但涉及面广、战线很长,必须找准突破口,下好先手棋。和各种显性成本相比,降低制度性交易成本尤为重要。它的影响是双重的,既关涉企业负担也左右经济效率。更多情况下,制度交易高成本对企业运行效率的影响,可能比负担还要严重,伤害还要大。制度性交易成本降不下来,中国经济迈向中高端水平可能会变成一句空话。格力集团董事长董明珠就表示过,不要给钱,我们也不要扶持政策,我们要的是一个公平、透明、平等的环境。给了这个环境,我们会做得更好,比给钱更好。从这个角度看,降成本的关键,是让“看得见的手”习惯换手、缩手、放手,该放的落到位,该管的严起来,从而释放市场活力。 降成本,是一场逆势而上的改革。在这一过程中,不能忘记初心,即以深化改革的力度来成全企业得实惠的强度。从去年的中央经济工作会议,到这次国务院出台的文件,中央为实体经济减负的努力一直没有中断,一些地方也有许多探索,关键是在具体执行中不出方向性的偏差。政策从中央到基层,也有个“传达成本”。若是大而化之,层层递减,就会沦为“政策白条”,让企业空欢喜;若是过度解读,逐级加码,又成了“干预市场”;万一打着改革旗号搞利益捆绑,演变成给个别企业、个别行业“吃偏饭”,那更是偏离了初衷。如此重要的任务,不妨也建立督查制度,尝试评估反馈,降到位的奖,降不到位的罚。 无论到了哪个阶段,实体经济都是竞争之本、发展之基。如何把社会资本请回来,把信心找回来,主要看降成本的成效。当改革的步子实起来、快起来,不仅能拓展企业的生存空间、利润空间,也可以为新产业、新业态、新动能的孕育赢得主动,让实体经济这一池春水更快活泛起来。相关的主题文章: