26 provinces introduced policies to care for left behind children, under 16 years old shall not live 1256789

26 provinces have introduced the policy of caring for left behind children, under 16 years of age can not live alone, in recent years, with the development of economy, the number of migrant workers gradually increased. At the same time, rural left behind children’s learning, life, psychology and other issues have become the focus of attention of the community. In order to promote the healthy growth of the left behind children, the state has promulgated relevant policies. In new network reporter found out, following the "State Council on strengthening rural left-behind children care protection work opinion" (hereinafter referred to as the "opinions") after, released in February this year, as of now, Shandong, Fujian, Zhejiang, Yunnan, Jilin, Ningxia, Anhui and other 26 provinces issued the opinions, according to the local actual situation put forward specific measures. Current situation of rural left-behind children accounted for 35.1% of all children in rural areas of the "opinions" of "left-behind children" gives a clear definition: left-behind children refers to the parents of migrant workers migrant workers or one of the other without the ability to care, minors under the age of sixteen. According to the China family development report (2015) issued by the State Health Planning Commission, the floating family and left behind family become the normal family model. Rural left behind children account for 35.1% of all rural children, the highest proportion is in the central and Western regions. Shang Xiaoyuan, a professor at the Beijing Normal University School of social development and public policy in an interview with Xinhua reporters said, compared with the non left-behind children, left-behind children mainly in the psychological disadvantage. The parents who work outside will give material compensation to the left behind children, but there is a lack of education and guardianship. "The left-behind children," parents and children "constitute the core of family ties becomes loose, the children of the parents of the family is relatively indifferent," Shang Xiaoyuan said, this will affect the future of left-behind children training their children, this group is the future of the nuclear family will be more likely to collapse on the social effects of very large. Goal: to 2020 left behind children significantly reduce the phenomenon of the "opinions" put forward to strengthen the overall goal of left-behind children care protection work in rural areas, by 2020, the protection of minors legal and institutional system more perfect, the consciousness of the whole society to care for the protection of children generally increase, children’s growth environment is more improved, more secure, the phenomenon of left behind children significantly reduced. In order to meet the above requirements, Shandong, Fujian, Heilongjiang and other places have put forward specific goals. Shandong pointed out that in 2016, the deployment of rural left behind children thorough investigation work. 2017, the completion of the province’s rural left behind children care and protection work platform. Fujian requirements, and strive to 2017, family, government, school due diligence, social forces to actively participate in the rural left-behind children care protection system to establish a comprehensive, mandatory reporting, emergency disposal, assessment, intervention, helping care prevention care source protection mechanism of effective operation, damage, damage left-behind children rights and safety incidents effectively curb. Measures: Family: children under 16 years of age shall not live alone, family guardianship, migrant workers can not allow children under 16 years of age to live alone. "Opinions" requirements for migrant workers to carry underage children living together or one of the parents to stay home to take care of, not qualified shall entrust custody)

26省份出台关爱留守儿童政策 不满16岁不得单独居住 近年来,随着经济的发展,进城务工人员逐渐增多。与此同时,农村留守儿童的学习、生活、心理等问题也成为社会关注的重点。为促进留守儿童健康成长,国家出台了相关政策。中新网记者梳理发现,继《国务院关于加强农村留守儿童关爱保护工作的意见》(以下简称《意见》)于今年2月发布之后,截至目前,已有山东、福建、浙江、云南、吉林、宁夏、安徽等26个省份出台实施意见,结合当地实际情况提出了具体措施。现状——农村留守儿童占农村全部儿童的35.1%《意见》对“留守儿童”给出了明确定义:留守儿童是指父母双方外出务工或一方外出务工另一方无监护能力、不满十六周岁的未成年人。根据国家卫计委发布的《中国家庭发展报告(2015年)》,流动家庭与留守家庭成为常态家庭模式。农村留守儿童占农村全部儿童的35.1%,比例最高的是中部地区和西部地区。北京师范大学社会发展与公共政策学院教授尚晓援在接受中新网记者采访时表示,与非留守儿童相比,留守儿童主要在心理方面处于劣势。在外打工的父母会给留守儿童物质上的补偿,但在教育、监护方面存在缺失。“对留守儿童来说,‘父母与子女’构成的核心家庭纽带变得松弛,孩子对父母的亲情相对淡漠,”尚晓援说,这将影响到留守儿童今后对自己孩子的培养方式,这一群体未来的核心家庭也会更容易解体,对社会的影响非常大。 目标——到2020年儿童留守现象明显减少《意见》提出加强农村留守儿童关爱保护工作的总体目标,要求到2020年,未成年人保护法律法规和制度体系更加健全,全社会关爱保护儿童的意识普遍增强,儿童成长环境更为改善、安全更有保障,儿童留守现象明显减少。为达到上述要求,山东、福建、黑龙江等地提出了阶段性具体目标。山东指出,2016年,部署开展农村留守儿童摸底排查工作。2017年,建成全省农村留守儿童关爱保护工作平台。福建要求,力争到2017年,家庭、政府、学校尽职尽责,社会力量积极参与的农村留守儿童关爱保护体系全面建立,强制报告、应急处置、评估帮扶、监护干预、源头预防等关爱保护机制有效运行,侵害、伤害留守儿童权益的事件和安全事故得到有效遏制。措施——家庭:不满16周岁儿童不得单独居住家庭监护方面,外出务工人员不能让不满16周岁儿童单独居住。《意见》要求,外出务工人员要尽量携带未成年子女共同生活或父母一方留家照料,暂不具备条件的应当委托有监护能力的亲属或其他成年人代为监护,不得让不满十六周岁的儿童脱离监护单独居住生活。浙江、云南等多地在此基础上进行了补充规定。浙江提出,父母双方外出务工前应当将务工地点、联系方式和委托监护等基本信息告知村(社区)和子女就读学校(园)。云南要求,用工企业、单位要提醒、督促务工人员履行家庭监护责任。学校:确保留守儿童不因贫困失学学校教育方面,《意见》要求确保农村留守儿童不因贫困而失学,支持和指导中小学校加强心理健康教育。吉林明确,中小学校要对农村留守儿童受教育情况实施全程动态管理,建立农村留守儿童档案和联系卡制度,利用电话、家访、家长会等方式加强与家长、受委托监护人的沟通交流,了解农村留守儿童生活情况和思想动态。云南提出,到2017年,实现符合寄宿规定的农村留守儿童学生小学80%在校寄宿、初中100%在校寄宿。到2017年,每所义务教育阶段学校至少配备1名专(兼)职心理健康辅导教师;到2020年,全省寄宿制中小学都拥有标准的心理健康辅导室。尚晓援表示,针对寄宿儿童,学校应改善饭菜营养结构,举行丰富多彩的课外活动,加强课后监护。另外,还应加强对留守儿童的人身保护,减少校园欺凌和儿童虐待事件的发生。建议强化教师报告责任,教师若获知儿童受虐待的情况,必须向有关部门报告。社会:专家建议调动社区资源社会力量方面,《意见》指出,加快孵化培育社会工作专业服务机构、公益慈善类社会组织、志愿服务组织,民政等部门要通过政府购买服务等方式支持其深入城乡社区、学校和家庭,开展农村留守儿童监护指导、心理疏导、行为矫治、社会融入和家庭关系调适等专业服务。对此,北京大学社会学系教授夏学銮对中新网记者表示,建议调动社区资源,在农村设置专门的社工岗位。因为社工对当地的环境相对熟悉,比较了解留守儿童的情况,对儿童的关爱和照顾也更加方便。延伸:从源头上减少儿童留守现象为了从源头上减少儿童留守现象,《意见》提到“为农民工家庭提供更多帮扶支持”和“引导扶持农民工返乡创业就业”两个方面。宁夏、安徽等多地提出了具体措施。安徽提出,落实支持农民工返乡创业就业的一系列政策措施,降低返乡创业门槛,健全返乡创业公共服务,为农民工返乡创业就业提供便利条件。人力资源社会保障等有关部门要广泛宣传农民工返乡创业就业政策,加强农村劳动力的就业创业技能培训,对有意愿就业创业的,要有针对性地推荐用工岗位信息或创业项目信息。宁夏强调,积极推动农民工市民化和子女就地入学。公办义务教育学校要普遍对农民工未成年子女开放,要通过政府购买服务等方式支持农民工未成年子女接受义务教育;完善和落实符合宁夏流动人口报名条件的农民工子女参加中考、高考政策。尚晓援说,有些城市为控制人口,提高了农民工子女入学的标准。家长如果不放弃城市的工作,就只能让孩子留在家乡,这在一定程度上增加了留守儿童的人数。因此,从政策上解决农民子女就地入学问题是十分必要的。(邱宇)相关的主题文章: